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  A broken mirror joined together

  During the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589), there lived a beautiful, intelligent princess name Lechang in the State Chen. She and her husband Xu Deyan loved each other dearly. But before long their country was in danger of being invaded by the troops of the Sui Dynasty. Princess Lechang and Xu Deyan had a premonition that their county would be occupied by the invaders and they would have to leave the palace and go into exile. During the chaos they might lose touch with each other. They broke a bronze mirror, a symbol of the unity of husband and wife into two parts and each of them kept a half. They aGREed that each would take their half of the mirror to the fair during the Lantern Festival, which is on the 15th day of the first Lunar month, in the hope that would meet again. When they were united the two halves would join together. Soon their premonition came true. During the chaos of war, the princess lost touch with her husband was taken to a powerful minister Yang Su’s house and was made his mistress.

  At the Lantern Festival the next year, Xu Deyan took his half of the mirror to the fair. He hoped that he could meet his wife. It so happened that a servant was selling the other half of the bronze mirror. Xu Deyan recognized it immediately. He asked the servant about his wife. As he heard about her bitter experience, tears rolled down his cheeks. Xu Deyan wrote a poem on the half of the mirror kept by his wife: "You left me with your broken mirror Now the mirror is back but not you I can no longer see your reflection in the mirror Only the bright moon but not you" .

  the servant brought back the inscribed half of the mirror to princess Lechang. For days, she could not help sobbing because she knew her husband was still alive and that he missed her but they could not meet forever.

  the minister, Yang Su, found this out. He was also moved by their true love and realized it was impossible to get Lechang’s love. So he sent for Xu Deyan and allowed the husband and wife to reunite.

  From that story comes the idiom "A broken mirror joined together".

  It is used to suggest the happy reunion of a separated couple.







  Yan Zi of the State of Qi was sent on a mission to the State ofChu. The King of Chu intended to humiliate the State of Qi toYan Zi’s face.

  One day, the King of Chu gave a banquet for Yan Zi. Just


  when they were enjoying it, two petty officials brought a convictto the King.


  Deliberately the King of Chu asked:

  "What crime has this man committed?"


  One of the petty officials answered: "He robs."


  Again the King of Chu asked:

  “Where is he from?"

  楚王又問: “他是哪個國傢的人?”

  The petty official answered:"He is from the State of Qi."


  The King of Chu turned to Yan Zi and said:"So the people of the State of Qi are used to committingrobbery."

  楚王回頭對晏子說: “原來齊國人是慣於當強盜的。”

  Yan Zi stood up and replied: "Your Majesty, I heard that when orange trees grown in thesouth of the Huai River are transplanted to the north of Huai River,they become trifoliate orange trees. Outwardly the leaves of orangetrees and those of trifoliate orange trees look alike, but the tastesof their fruits are entirely different. Our people of the State of Qinever commit robbery, but once they come to the State of Chu,they start to engage in criminal activities. I think, maybe this isthe effect of the environment and climate here."

  晏子站起來答道: “大王,我聽說生長在淮南的橘樹,移植到淮北就會變成積樹。從外表上看,橘樹和積樹的葉子是一樣的,但是這兩種樹的果子的味道卻完全不同。我們齊國的老百姓從來不做強盜,一到楚國就幹起犯罪的勾當來瞭。我看,這也許是受這裡的水土環境的影響吧!”

  As the King of Chu heard this, he was struck dumb withshame.



  Love me, love my dog.


  There was a state called zhou (周) in the chinese history.


  One day, the king of zhou asked his officials for advice on deal with prisoners of war.


  An official said, "i once heard if you love someone, you are intended to love even the crows on the roof of his house; if you hate someone, you are intended to hate even the walls and the parapets of his. The prisoners of war were enemies fighting against us. In my opinion, we’d better kill them all."[/en


  [en]But the king didn’t agree with him."I think we should treat the prisoners of war differently by differing them into those who are guilty and those who are not. The guilty ones will be sentenced to death in order to avoid future disasters." Another official put forward his suggestion.


  The king didn’t think it was a proper way, either.


  Then a third one said, "Your majesty, I think all the prisoners should be set free and sent back home to work in the fields and support themselves by their own labor. Moreover, you should keep strictly the rules for reward and punishment and treat your relatives and friends impartially.The people are sure to believe in you if you administer our country by morals and laws."


  The king thought the official’s proposal was quite reasonable so he accepted and followed it.As a result, the domestic situation soon settled down and gradually the country became more stable and stronger.


  The idiom is then used to mean that if you love someone,you’ll love people and things relative to him as well.